The World Health Organization (WHO) released a Policy Framework on Active Ageing in 2002. Active ageing policy optimizes opportunities for health, participation and security in order to enhance quality of life as people age.
The active ageing approach is grounded in the UN-recognized principles of independence, participation, dignity, care and self-fulfillment. It acknowledges the importance of gender, earlier life experiences, and culture on how individuals age. It takes into account the biological, psychological, behavioural, economic, social and environmental factors that operate over the course of a person’s life to determine health and well-being in later years.